Saturday, August 21, 2010

Enviromental Justice and The Right of Indegenous People

Laura Westra
Earthscan, 2008 - 352pages

More than 300 million people in over 70 countries make up the world's indigenous populations. Yet despite ever-growing pressures on their lands, environment and way of life through outside factors such as climate change and globalization, their rights in these and other respects are still not fully recognized in international law. In this incisive book, Laura Westra deftly reveals the lethal effects that damage to ecological integrity can have on communities. Using examples in national and international case law, she demonstrates how their lack of sufficient legal rights leaves indigenous peoples defenseless, time and again, in the face of governments and businesses who have little effective incentive to consult with them (let alone gain their consent) in going ahead with relocations, mining plans and more. The historical background and current legal instruments are discussed and, through examples from the Americas, Africa, Oceania and the special case of the Arctic, a picture emerges of how things must change if indigenous communities are to survive. It is a warning to us all from the example of those who live most closely in tune with nature and are the first to feel the impact when environmental damage goes unchecked.

Individual Criminal Responsibility for core International Crimes

Ciara Damgaard
2008 - 456 pages

The concept of individual criminal responsibility for core international crimes is, by now, a well-established principle in international criminal law. However, while the general principle behind the concept is by and large unproblematic, its practical application underscores its complexity. The aim of this book is to examine three pertinent issues relating to the concept of individual criminal responsibility for core international crimes: (i) The joint criminal enterprise doctrine; (ii) The defining criteria of international criminal courts, for the purposes of an evaluation of the lifting of state official immunity for core international crimes, in the light of the findings of the ICJ in the Arrest Warrant case; and (iii) The imposition of individual criminal responsibility for terrorism as a crime against humanity, both in international law and in relation to the ICC Statute.

International Relation and The Problem of Difference

Naeem Inayatullah, David L. Blaney
Routledge, 2004 - 276 pages

This work developed out of the growing sense that International Relations as a discipline does not assess the quality of cultural interactions that shape, and are shaped by, the changing structures and processes of the international system. IR has long had little to say about the motivations of individuals, about the interactions of communities, or about the role of identity. Inayatullah and Blaney re-imagine IR as a uniquely placed site for the study of differences. They suggest that IR might be organized explicitly around the exploration of the relation of wholes and parts and sameness and difference.

Maritim Security. International Law and Policy Perspective From Australia and New Zealand

Natalie Klein, Joanna Mossop, Donald R. Rothwell
Taylor and Francis, 2009 - 277 pages

Maritime security is of vital importance to Australia and New Zealand as both countries depend on maritime transport for their economic survival. Since the events of September 11th 2001, significant questions have been raised as to whether Australia and New Zealand are adequately prepared for the consequences of a major disruption to global shipping following a terrorist attack on a leading regional port such as Hong Kong or Singapore. Considerable efforts have also been undertaken to improve responses to an array of maritime security threats, such as transnational crime, environmental pollution, and piracy and armed robbery.

This volume identifies those issues that particularly affect Australia and New Zealand's maritime security, evaluating the issues from legal and political perspectives, and proposes methods for improving maritime security in the two countries. While the focus is primarily on Australia and New Zealand, the scope extends to regional considerations, addressing matters related to Pacific Island states, Southeast Asia and the Antarctic and sub-Antarctic region. The book also addresses strategic partnerships examining the influence of the United States, and analyses issues within the broad framework of international law and politics.

Maritime Security: International Law and Policy Perspectives from Australia and New Zealand will be of great interest to scholars of international law, international relations and maritime affairs, maritime industry professionals, private and government lawyers, as well as diplomats, consuls and government officials.

Political Realism in International Theory  

Roger D. Spegele
Cambridge University Press, 1996 - 284 pages
Roger Spegele develops a new version of realism which stresses links between ethics and international politics.

The UN Security Council and The Politics of International Authority

Bruce Cronin, Ian Hurd
Routledge, 2008 - 249 pages
This book observes how the growth of the political authority of the Council challenges the basic idea that states have legal autonomy over their domestic affairs. The individual essays survey the implications that flow from these developments in the crucial policy areas of: terrorism; economic sanctions; the prosecution of war crimes; human rights; humanitarian intervention; and, the use of force. In each of these areas, the evidence shows a complex and fluid relation between state sovereignty, the power of the United Nations, and the politics of international legitimation. Demonstrating how world politics has come to accommodate the contradictory institutions of international authority and international anarchy, this book makes an important contribution to how we understand and study international organizations and international law. Written by leading experts in the field, this volume will be of strong interest to students and scholars of international relations, international organizations, internationallaw and global governance.

Rising to the Challenge: China's Grand Strategy and International Security
Avery Goldstein
NUS Press, 2008 - 288 pages