Tuesday, September 21, 2010

Two Worlds of International Relations: Academics, Practitioners and the Trade in Ideas

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Christopher Hill, Pamela Beshoff
Routledge, 1994 - 233pages

InTwo Worlds of International Relations, Christopher Hill and Pamela Beshoff investigate the relationship between diplomats and deans, legislators and law professors, policy makers and professors. The book assesses the relevance of international relations to the issues of policy formulation and implementation. The authors present a wide array of perspectives from both professions, exploring the nature of political economy, historical studies, and international relations theory. They trace salient connection between theory and practice of international relations, and analyze the differences between the two methods of thinking. Composed of a collection of writing from academics and practioners alike, this book looks at issues such as human rights, foreign direct investment, foreign service, and international law among other concerns. It proves itself to be a broad and high-minded inquiry into the tensions that exist between international theory and the very practices its aimsto understand

What Moves Man: The Realist Theory of International Relations and Its Judgment of Human Nature

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Annette Freyberg-Inan
SUNY Press, 2004 - 266pages

A critical look at the image of human nature that underlies the realist theory of international relations. The realist theory of international relations is based on a particularly gloomy set of assumptions about universal human motives. Believing people to be essentially asocial, selfish, and untrustworthy, realism counsels a politics of distrust and competition in the international arena. What Moves Man subjects realism to a broad and deep critique. Freyberg-Inan argues, first, that realist psychology is incomplete and suffers from a pessimistic bias. Second, she explains how this bias systematically undermines both realist scholarship and efforts to promote international cooperation and peace. Third, she argues that realism's bias has a tendency to function as a self-fulfilling prophecy: it nurtures and promotes the very behaviors it assumes predominate human nature. Freyberg-Inan concludes by suggesting how a broader and more complex view of human motivation would deliver more complete explanations of international behavior, reduce the risk of bias, and better promote practical progress in the conduct of international affairs.

World Out of Balance: International Relations and the Challenge of American Primacy

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Stephen G. Brooks, William Curti Wohlforth
Princeton University Press, 2008 - 226pages

World Out of Balanceis the most comprehensive analysis to date of the constraints on the United States' use of power in pursuit of its security interests. Stephen Brooks and William Wohlforth overturn conventional wisdom by showing that in a unipolar system, where the United States is dominant in the scales of world power, the constraints featured in international relations theory are generally inapplicable. In fact, the authors argue that the U.S. will not soon lose its leadership position; rather, it stands before a twenty-year window of opportunity for reshaping the international system. Although American primacy in the world is unprecedented, analysts routinely stress the limited utility of such preeminence. The authors examine arguments from each of the main international relations theories--realism, institutionalism, constructivism, and liberalism. They also cover the four established external constraints on U.S. security policy--international institutions, economic interdependence, legitimacy, and balancing. The prevailing view is that these external constraints conspire to undermine the value of U.S. primacy, greatly restricting the range of security policies the country can pursue. Brooks and Wohlforth show that, in actuality, the international environment does not tightly constrain U.S. security policy.World Out of Balanceunderscores the need for an entirely new research agenda to better understand the contours of international politics and the United States' place in the world order

World-Systems Analysis: an Introduction

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Immanuel Maurice Wallerstein
Duke University Press, 2004 - 109pages

InWorld-Systems Analysis, Immanuel Wallerstein provides a concise and accessible introduction to the comprehensive approach that he pioneered thirty years ago to understanding the history and development of the modern world. Since Wallerstein first developed world-systems analysis, it has become a widely utilized methodology within the historical social sciences and a common point of reference in discussions of globalization. Now, for the first time in one volume, Wallerstein offers a succinct summary of world-systems analysis and a clear outline of the modern world-system, describing the structures of knowledge upon which it is based, its mechanisms, and its future.Wallerstein explains the defining characteristics of world-systems analysis: its emphasis on world-systems rather than nation-states, on the need to consider historical processes as they unfold over long periods of time, and on combining within a single analytical framework bodies of knowledge usually viewed as distinct from one another-such as history, political science, economics, and sociology. He describes the world-system as a social reality comprised of interconnected nations, firms, households, classes, and identity groups of all kinds. He identifies and highlights the significance of the key moments in the evolution of the modern world-system: the development of a capitalist world-economy in the sixteenth-century, the beginning of two centuries of liberal centrism in the French Revolution of 1789, and the undermining of that centrism in the global revolts of 1968. Intended for general readers, students, and experienced practitioners alike, this book presents a complete overview of world-systems analysis by its original architect.


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Steven Vertovec
Taylor & Francis, 2009 - 205pages

'Transnationalism' refers to multiple ties and interactions linking people or institutions across the borders of nation-states.This book surveys the broader meanings of transnationalism within the study of globalization before concentrating on migrant transnational practices. Each chapter and set of case studies demonstrates ways in which new and contemporary transnational practices of migrants are fundamentally transforming social, political and economic structures simultaneously within homelands and places of settlement.Transnationalism provides a much-needed single, clear and condensed text concerning a major concept in academic and policy discourse today.The book is for advanced undergraduate students, postgraduates and academics.

Understanding International Relation

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Chris Brown
Palgrave Macmillan, 2001 - 296pages

This concise text introduces main theoretical approaches and applies them to the central questions of war and peace, poverty and wealth, economic management, and global governance confronting the world today. Clear and accessible, the second edition has been revised and updated throughout with increased coverage of globalization and of the emerging 21st-century world order

Varieties of World Making: Beyond Globalization

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Nathalie Karagiannis, Peter Wagner
Liverpool University Press, 2007 - 304pages

Globalization has been the topic of heated debate in recent years, with one side asserting it will produce a better standard of living for people around the world, and a fierce opposition arguing that it will ultimately lead to greater poverty and the destruction of unique human cultures. Varieties of World Making tackles the issue from a different angle, proposing that the contemporary global network of business, politics, and culture be viewed from the interdisciplinary perspective of “world making.”

Drawn from the elite ranks of sociology, law, international relations, political philosophy, and history, the distinguished contributors cut through polarized rhetoric to examine the current global situation. Their proposed diagnoses draw upon thoughtful analyses of various political dilemmas whose ripple effects are felt around the world, such as the volatile relationship between Islam and Europe, or the legal foundations for a true international order free from the shadows of imperialism. Varieties of World Marking will be an essential resource for all those grappling with the complex consequences of globalization for the future.

Thinking Theory Thoroughly: Coherent Approaches to an Incoherent World

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James N. Rosenau, Mary Durfee
Westview Press, 2000 - 269pages

Think theory is thoroughly removed from explaining international crises such as Bosnia, Rwanda, and Korea? Think again! James Rosenau and Mary Durfee have teamed up to show how the same events take on different coloration depending on the theory used to explain them. In order to better understand world politics, the authors maintain, theory does make a difference.Thinking Theory Thoroughly  is a primer for all kinds of readers who want to begin theorizing about international relations (IR). In this second edition, realism (the dominant theoretical perspective in IR), postinternationalism (Rosenau’s famed turbulence paradigm), and liberalism are treated together in a chapter that compares them along various analytic dimensions, which makes the book even more useful.In this new edition, the order and content of case chapters have been changed to better reflect the ways theory can be used to organize empirical material. The chapter on crises, which is now at the beginning, shows how systemic theories might cope with problems and evidence of a more local and temporally constrained nature. A chapter on the U.N. illustrates how systemic theories can cope with institutions, and the last chapter, on Antarctica, delineates how systemic theories can be used to generate hypotheses that then demand different kinds of evidence.

The Nation State and Global Order: A Historical Introduction to Contemporary Politics

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Walter C. Opello, Stephen J. Rosow
Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2004 - 319pages

This engaging introduction to contemporary politics examines the historical construction of the modern territorial state. Opello and Rosow fuse accounts of governing practices, technological change, political economy, language, and culture into a narrative of the formation of specific state forms.

European Monetary Union and Capital Markets

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Jongmoo Jay Choi, Jeffrey M. Wrase
JAI, 2001 - 275 pages

To form a more perfect economic union and to establish a single market financially, economically and politically, 11 European countries founded a common currency and a European Central Bank, and created a new monetary unit, the euro, on 1st January, 1999. On that date, the old national currencies officially became subunits of the euro, much as the nickel and quarter are subunits of the dollar.

Fifteen countries started down the road to monetary union in 1992, when they signed the Treaty on European Union, commonly known as the Maastricht Treaty, which outlined a basic structure for the alliance. However, of those 15 countries, only 11 initially joined the European Monetary Union (EMU): three countries opted out, and another did not meet the economic criteria established for membership in the union. The EMU countries decided that the benefits of having one common currency instead of 11 different ones would outweigh the costs, especially given the amount of travel, trade and financial flow that takes place between these countries. This volume considers effects on capital and goods markets of monetary union in general and European Monetary Union (EMU) in particular. The effects of monetary union addressed here broadly fall into three categories -adjustments in goods and labor markets, adjustments in money and capital markets, and institutional adjustments when a group of countries adopt a common currency (and a common monetary policy), but retain quasi- independent fiscal (and other economic) policies. The relation between monetary union and capital market integration is also highlighted

Theory and Evidence in Comparative Politics and International Relation

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Richard Ned Lebow, Mark Irving Lichbach
Palgrave Macmillan, 2007 - 290pages

This book explores the epistemology and the methodology of political knowledge and social inquiry. What can we know, and how do we know? Friedrich V. Kratochwil and Ted Hopf question all foundational claims of inquiry and envisage science as a self-reflective practice. Brian Pollins and Fred Chernoff accept their arguments to some degree and explore the implications for logical positivism. David A. Waldner, Jack Levy, and Andrew Lawrence address the purpose and methods of research. They debate the role of explanation versus prediction, the relationship of theory to evidence, and their implications for the Democratic Peace research program. A concluding chapter by Mark Lichbach offers a pluralistic reformulation of neopositivism. An alternative conclusion by Steven Bernstein, Richard Ned Lebow, Janice Gross Stein and Steven Weber contends that social science should be modeled on medicine and reformulated as a set of case-based diagnostic tools. The distinguishing feature of the book is the inclusion of authors who represent different approaches to social science and their willingness to engage with one another in a constructive debate

The Study of World Politics Volume 1 : Theoritical and Methodological Challenges

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James N. Rosenau
Routledge, 2006 - 301pages

"The Study of World Politics "is two volume set that presents thirty-nine essays of some two hundred essays authored by Professor James Rosenau, a renowned international political theorist. They include both articles recently published and those that have not previously been published. All of them focus on the theme of the study of world politics, with the twenty-three articles in this volume devoted to probing theoretical and methodological challenges. This volume is divided into five parts and address such issues as: - The challenge of World Politics - The Professional Political Scientist - Methods - Concepts and Theories - The Analysis of Foreign Policy Included in this collection is perhaps James Rosenau's most widely-read essay, "Pre-Theories and Theories of Foreign Policy" as well as several essays that articulate various dimensions of global governance and how they are shaped by the dynamics of globalization. These articles are marked by unique and imaginative formulations which break with a number of conventional approaches employed in the fields of international relations and foreign policy. "The Study of World Politics "provides the reader with access for the first time to a collection of James Rosenau's outstanding scholarship, making this an invaluable book to students and academics with interests in politics.

The Study of World Politics Volume 2 : Globalization and Governance

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James N. Rosenau
Routledge, 2006 - 260pages

"The Study of World Politics, Volume II: Globalization and Governance "is the second and final volume of a collection of essays by James Rosenau. James Rosenau's work is known for originality and clarity and the sixteen articles in this volume are no exception. The aim of this volume is to address the specific challenges posed by globalization and governance. The Issues covered in this book include: - The Challenge - tensions, contradictions, outcomes and global affairs - The Profession - community, globalized space and international relations - Globalization - complexities, contradictions and theory - Governance - understanding and future" The Study of World Politics "is the product of one of the most innovative scholars in the last half century and the subjects addressed provide the big picture whilst also being meticulous in detail. This volume gives the reader an unparalleled understanding of globalization and governance and is an invaluabletool to students and scholars alike.""

Theories of International Relation

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Scott Burchill, Andrew Linklater, Richard Devetak, Jack Donnelly, Terry Nardin, Matthew Paterson
Palgrave Macmillan, 2009 - 382pages

Written by leading authorities, the most broad-ranging text on International Relations Theory on the market covering both traditional and more recent approaches

Theory of International Politics

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Kenneth Neal Waltz
Waveland Press, 2010 - 251 pages

Reader Review
This work remains important and resonant in some truly impressive and surprising ways. I would have more confidence in the success of Waltz's attainment of a true international "systems-theory" though, if a greater part of the analysis didn't come across today as relentlessly presentist (circa 1978) without any touch of imagination as to how the world might change or evolve. While he claims to address multiple different international structures, he really only credibly addresses one, that of bipolarity - albeit with great depth and conviction. Nonetheless, this work will continue to confront policy students for generations to come with the enormity of the challenge in contributing something new, explanatory, and useful to the theory of international politics.

The Comparative Political Economy of Development: Africa and South Africa

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Judith Heyer
Routledge, 2010 - 358pages

 This book illustrates the enduring relevance and vitality of the comparative political economy of development approach promoted among others by a group of social scientists in Oxford in the 1980s and 1990s. Contributors demonstrate the viability of this approach as researchers and academics become more convinced of the inadequacies of orthodox approaches to the understanding of development.
Detailed case material obtained from comparative field research in Africa and South Asia informs analyses of exploitation in agriculture; the dynamics of rural poverty; seasonality; the non farm economy; class formation; labour and unfreedom; the gendering of the labour force; small scale production and contract farming; social networks in industrial clusters; stigma and discrimination in the rural and urban economy and its politics. Reasoned policy suggestions are made and an analysis of the comparative political economy of development approach is applied to the situation of Africa and South Asia.
Aptly presenting the relation between theory and empirical material in a dynamic and interactive way, the book offers meaningful and powerful explanations of what is happening in the continent of Africa and the sub-continent of South Asia today. It will be of interest to researchers in the fields of development studies, rural sociology, political economy, policy and practice of development and Indian and African studies.

Unholly Trinity: The IMF, World Bank and WTO

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Richard Peet
Zed Books, 2003 - 250pages

Our lives are all affected by three hugely powerful and well financed, but undemocratic, organizations: the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank and the World Trade Organization. These institutions share a common ideology. They aggressively promote "corporate" capitalism, neoliberalism, giving free rein to the interests of a small number of transnational corporations. This book presents the history and fundamental ideas of this economic ideology. Describing each member of the "unholy trinity," it shows how neoliberalism hijacked the IMF, World Bank and WTO in relation to their global financial, development and trade management roles.