Monday, September 6, 2010

Constructivism in International Relation: the politics of reality

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Maja Zehfuss
Cambridge University Press, 2002 - 289pages

Maja Zehfuss critiques constructivist theories of international relations (currently considered to be at the cutting edge of the discipline) and finds them wanting and even politically dangerous. Zehfuss uses Germany's first shift toward using its military abroad after the end of the Cold War to illustrate why constructivism does not work and how it leads to particular analytical outcomes and forecloses others. She argues that scholars are limiting their abilities to act responsibly in international relations by looking towards constructivism as the future.

Constructivism and International Relation: Alexander Wendt and His Critics

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Stefano Guzzini, Anna Leander
Routledge, 2006 - 246pages

This volume addresses both Alexander Wendt's social theory and international relations theory, exploring a variety of constructivist debates without reducing constructivism to one single position.

Belief and Leadership in World Politics: Methods and Applications of Operational Code Analysis

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Mark Schafer, Stephen G. Walker
Palgrave Macmillan, 2006 - 288pages

This book examines how beliefs shape leaders' perceptions of reality and lead to cognitive and motivated biases that distort, block, and recast incoming information from the environment. Using content analysis and formal modeling methods associated with quantitative operational code analysis, contributors analyze how beliefs affect policies related to international security and international political economy.

Beyond Positivism: Critical Reflection on International Relation

Beyond Positivism:
Critical Reflection on International Relation

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Claire Turenne Sjolander, Wayne S. Cox
Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1994 - 203 pages

Classical and Modern Thought on International Relation: From Anarchy to Cosmopolis

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Robert H. Jackson
Palgrave Macmillan, 2005 - 209pages

In the tradition of the English School of International Relations theory, this book seeks to show how continuities in international politics outweigh the changes. The author demonstrates how the world is neither one of anarchy, as put forward by realists, nor is it a fully cosmopolitan order, as argued by those on the other side of the theoretical spectrum. Instead, it is a world of states who acknowledge a set of moral constraints that exists between them.

Beyond the Ivory Tower: International Relations Theory and the Issue of Policy Relevance

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Joseph Lepgold, Miroslav Nincic
Columbia University Press, 2001 - 228pages

The gap between academics and practitioners in international relations has widened in recent years, according to the authors of this book. Many international relations scholars no longer try to reach beyond the ivory tower and many policymakers disdain international relations scholarship as arcane and irrelevant. Joseph Lepgold and Miroslav Nincic demonstrate how good international relations theory can inform policy choices. Globalization, ethnic conflict, and ecological threats have created a new set of issues that challenge policymakers, and cutting-edge scholarship can contribute a great deal to the diagnosis and handling of potentially explosive situations.

Communitarian International Relation: the Epistemic Foundations of International Relations

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Emanuel Adler
Routledge, 2005 - 334pages

In Emanuel Adler's distinctive constructivist approach to international relations theory, international practices evolve in tandem with collective knowledge of the material and social worlds. This book - comprising a selection of his journal publications, a new introduction and three previously unpublished articles - points IR constructivism in a novel direction, characterized as 'communitarian'. Adler's synthesis does not herald the end of the nation-state; nor does it suggest that agency is unimportant in international life. Rather, it argues that what mediates between individual and state agency and social structures are communities of practice, which are the wellspring and repositories of collective meanings and social practices. The concept of communities of practice casts new light on epistemic communities and security communities, helping to explain why certain ideas congeal into human practices and others do not, and which social mechanisms can facilitate the emergence of normatively bettercommunities.

Complexity in World Politics: Concepts and Methods of a New Paradigm

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Neil E. Harrison
SUNY Press, 2007 - 213pages

Despite one hundred years of theorizing, scholars and practitioners alike are constantly surprised by international and global political events. The collapse of communism in Europe, the 1997 Asian financial crisis, and 9/11 have demonstrated the inadequacy of current models that depict world politics as a simple, mechanical system.

Constituting Human Rights: Global Civil Society and the Society of Democratic States

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Mervyn Frost
Routledge, 2002 - 161pages

Global civil society and the society of democratic states are the two most inclusive and powerful global practices of our time. In this book Frost claims that, without an understanding of hte role that individual human rights play in these practices, no adequate understanding of any major feature of contemporary world politics from "globlaization: to "new wars" is possible. Therefore,Constituting Human Rightsargues that a concern with human rights is essential to the study of international realtions.

Constructing the World Polity: Essays on International Institutionalization

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John Gerard Ruggie
Routledge, 1998 - 312pages

For the past quarter century, John Gerard Ruggie has made fundamental contributions to international relations theorizing, helping to establish what is now described as the "constructivist" approach to the field. This elegantly written collection of essays includes a substantial introduction that surveys the entire range of post-war IR theory and sets the constructivist project within it. Ruggie brings together his most influential theoretical ideas and their application to critical policy questions concerning the post-Cold War international order.

Contesting Global Governance: Multilateral Economic Institutions and Global Social Movements

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Robert O'Brien
Cambridge University Press, 2000 - 260 pages

The contest to shape global governance is increasingly being conducted on a number of levels and among a diverse set of actors. This book argues that increasing engagement between international institutions and sectors of civil society is producing a new form of international organization. The authors study the relationship between the IMF, World Bank, and World Trade Organisation, and environmental, labor, and women's movements, providing a rich analysis of the institutional response to social movement pressure.

Critical Perspectives on Global Governance: Rights and Regulation in Governing Regimes

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Jean Grugel, Nicola Piper
Routledge, 2007 - 189 pages

The first in-depth analysis of how global governance impacts on the lives of ordinary people. This new volume includes four detailed case studies on labour, migration, children and development that explore the actual nature of governance policies in the GPE.

Critical Practices in International Theory: Selected Essays

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James Der Derian
Taylor & Francis, 2009 - 316pages

Critical Practices in International Theory brings together for the first time the essays of the leading IR theorist, James Der Derian. The essays cover a variety of issues central to Der Derian's work including diplomacy, alienation, terrorism, intelligence, national security, new forms of warfare, the role of information technology in international relations, poststructuralist theory, and the military-entertainment-media matrix.The book includes a framing introduction written for this volume in which Der Derian provides historical and theoretical context for a diverse body of work. Discussing his own influences and reflecting upon the development of international theory, he advocates a critical pluralist approach to the most pressing problems of world politics.Written in the eloquent style that marks out Der Derian as one of the most provocative and innovative thinkers in international relations, this collection is essential reading for scholars and students interested in the past, present and future of international relations.nbsp;nbsp;James Der Derian is a Watson Institute research professor of international studies at Brown University, where he directs the Global Security Program and the Global Media Project. He is the author of many articles and books, including the highly acclaimed Virtuous War (2001, 2009).nbsp;

Critical Theory and World Politics

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Richard Wyn Jones
Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2001 - 259 pages

After International Relation: Critical Realism and the (re)construction of World Politics

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Heikki Patomäki
Routledge, 2002 - 267pages

The book begins with a critical genealogy of the emergence of the international relations problematic--the irrealist foundations of which ere laid down by David Hume and Immanuel Kant. After revealing the ontological and epistemological underpinnings of the critical realist alternative, it explores the future role of critical realism in the construction of non-violent and democratic world politics, which overcomes the Kantian antimonies and dilemmas of the international problematic.

An Ethic of Responsiblity in International Relation

An Ethic of Responsiblity in International Relation

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Daniel Warner
Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1991 - 153 pages

Many Ways to be Deaf: International Variation in Deaf Communities

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Leila Frances Monaghan
Gallaudet University Press, 2003 - 326pages

Many Ways to Be Deaf presents an unmatched collection of in-depth articles about linguistic diversity in Deaf communities on five continents. Twenty-four international scholars have contributed their findings from studying Deaf communities in Japan, Thailand, Viet Nam, Taiwan, Russia, Sweden, Austria, Switzerland, Great Britain, Ireland, Nigeria, South Africa, Brazil, Nicaragua, and the United States. Sixteen chapters consider the various antecedents of each country's native signed language, taking into account the historical background for their development and also the effects of foreign influences and changes in philosophies by the larger, dominant hearing societies. The remarkable range of topics include the evolution of British fingerspelling traced back to the 17th century; the comparison of Swiss German Sign Language with Rhaeto-Romansch, another Swiss minority language; the analysis of seven signed languages described in Thailand and how they differ in relation to their distance from isolated Deaf communities to urban centers; the vaulting development of a nascent sign language in Nicaragua, and much more.

Greek Personal Names: their Value as Evidence

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Elaine Matthews, Simon Hornblower, British Academy
Oxford University Press, 2000 - 184pages

This volume offers dramatic illumination of the ways in which the ancient Greeks both created and interpreted their world through the specific language of personal names. For the ancient Greeks, the assertion of origin was essential in defining their sense of who they were and how they distinguished themselves from neighbors and strangers. Each person's name might carry both identity and origin. Names have surfaced in many guises and locations--on coins and artefacts, embedded within inscriptions and manuscripts--carrying with them evidence even from prehistoric and preliterate times. The contributors to this volume draw on The Lexicon of Greek Names, which has already identified more than 200,000 individuals, to demonstrate the breadth of scholarly uses to which name evidence can be put. The contributors also narrate the stories of political and social change revealed by the incidence of personal names and cast a fascinating light upon both the natural and supernatural phenomena which inspired them.

Modernism, Media and Propaganda: British Narrative from 1900 to 1945

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Mark Wollaeger
Princeton University Press, 2008 - 335pages

Though often defined as having opposite aims, means, and effects, modernism and modern propaganda developed at the same time and influenced each other in surprising ways. The professional propagandist emerged as one kind of information specialist, the modernist writer as another. Britain was particularly important to this double history. By secretly hiring well-known writers and intellectuals to write for the government and by exploiting their control of new global information systems, the British in World War I invented a new template for the manipulation of information that remains with us to this day. Making a persuasive case for the importance of understanding modernism in the context of the history of modern propaganda, Modernism, Media, and Propaganda also helps explain the origins of today's highly propagandized world.Modernism, Media, and Propaganda integrates new archival research with fresh interpretations of British fiction and film to provide a comprehensive cultural history of the relationship between modernism and propaganda in Britain during the first half of the twentieth century. From works by Joseph Conrad to propaganda films by Alfred Hitchcock and Orson Welles, Mark Wollaeger traces the transition from literary to cinematic propaganda while offering compelling close readings of major fiction by Virginia Woolf, Ford Madox Ford, and James Joyce.

Geopolitical Exotica: Tibet in Western Imagination

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Dibyesh Anand
U of Minnesota Press, 2007 - 190pages

Geopolitical Exotica examines exoticized Western representations of Tibet and Tibetans and the debate over that land’s status with regard to China. Concentrating on specific cultural images of the twentieth century—promulgated by novels, popular films, travelogues, and memoirs—Dibyesh Anand lays bare the strategies by which “Exotica Tibet” and “Tibetanness” have been constructed, and he investigates the impact these constructions have had on those who are being represented.

Although images of Tibet have excited the popular imagination in the West for many years, Geopolitical Exotica is the first book to explore representational practices within the study of international relations. Anand challenges the parochial practices of current mainstream international relations theory and practice, claiming that the discipline remains mostly Western in its orientation. His analysis of Tibet’s status with regard to China scrutinizes the vocabulary afforded by conventional international relations theory and considers issues that until now have been undertheorized in relation to Tibet, including imperialism, history, diaspora, representation, and identity.

In this masterfully synthetic work, Anand establishes that postcoloniality provides new insights into themes of representation and identity and demonstrates how IR as a discipline can meaningfully expand its focus beyond the West.

Dibyesh Anand is a reader in international relations at the University of Westminster, London.

International Relation: The Basics

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Peter Sutch, Juanita Elias
Routledge, 2007 - 214pages

International Relations is a concise and accessible introduction for students new to international relations and for the general reader. It offers the most up-to-date guide to the major issues and areas of debate and:

    * explains key issues including humanitarian intervention and economic justice
    * features illustrative and familiar case studies from around the world
    * examines topical debates on globalization and terrorism
    * provides an overview of the discipline to situate the new reader at the heart of the study of global politics

Covering all the basics and more, this is the ideal book for anyone who wants to understand contemporary international relations.

International Law and International Relation

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Beth A. Simmons, Richard H. Steinberg
Cambridge University Press, 2007 - 737pages

This volume is intended to help readers understand the relationship between international law and international relations (IL/IR). As a testament to this dynamic area of inquiry, new research on IL/IR is now being published in a growing list of traditional law reviews and disciplinary journals. The excerpted articles in this volume, all of which were first published in International Organization, represent some of the most important research since serious social science scholarship began in this area more than twenty years ago. They are important milestones toward making IL/IR a central concern of scholarly research in international affairs. The contributions cover some of the main topics of international affairs to provide readers with a range of theoretical perspectives, concepts, and heuristics that can be used to analyze the relationship between international law and international relations.

International Relation: A Very Short Introduction

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Paul Wilkinson
Oxford University Press, 2007 - 144pages

Covering topics such as foreign policy, the world economy, and globalization, this Very Short Introduction shows how many disciplines come together in the study of international events. Paul Wilkinson explains the theories underlying the subject, and uses them to investigate issues of foreign policy, arms control, the environment, and world poverty. Taking care to discuss not only the main academic theories of the discipline, he also brings to light the practical problems and issues confronting the field today, and later examines the important role of organizations such as the United Nations and the European Union, as well as the influence of ethnic and religious movements and terrorist groups in shaping the way states interact. In closing, Wilkinson takes a look forward to the possible future of international relations.

International Relation and Global Climate Change

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Urs Luterbacher, Detlef F. Sprinz
MIT Press, 2001 - 343pages

This book surveys current conceptual, theoretical, and methodological approaches to global climate change and international relations. Although it focuses on the role of states, it also examines the role of nonstate actors and international organizations whenever state-centric explanations are insufficient.

The book begins with a discussion of environmental constraints on human activities, the environmental consequences of human activities, and the history of global climate change cooperation. It then moves to an analysis of the global climate regime from various conceptual and theoretical perspectives. These include realism and neorealism, historical materialism, neoliberal institutionalism and regime theory, and epistemic community and cognitive approaches. Stressing the role of nonstate actors, the book looks at the importance of the domestic-international relationship in negotiations on climate change. It then looks at game-theoretical and simulation approaches to the politics of global climate change. It emphasizes questions of equity and the legal difficulties of implementing the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol. It concludes with a discussion of global climate change and other aspects of international relations, including other global environmental accords and world trade. The book also contains Internet references to major relevant documents.

International Relation and the Philosophy of History: a Civilizational Approach

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A. Nuri Yurdusev
Palgrave Macmillan, 2003 - 204 pages

International Relations and the Philosophy of History examines the concept of civilization in relation to international systems through an extensive use of the literature in the philosophy of history. A. Nuri Yurdusev demonstrates the relevance of a civilizational approach to the study of contemporary international relations by looking at the multi-civilizational nature of the modern international system, the competing claims of national and civilizational identities and the rise of civilizational consciousness after the Cold War.

International Relation and Security in the Digital Age

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Johan Eriksson
Taylor & Francis, 2007 - 230pages

This book examines the impact of the information revolution on international and domestic security, attempting to remedy both the lack of theoretically informed analysis of information security and the US-centric tendency in the existing literature. International Relations and Security in the Digital Age covers a range of topics, including: critical infrastructure protection, privacy issues, international cooperation, cyber terrorism, and security policy. It aims to analyze the impact of the information revolution on international and domestic security; examine what existing international relations theories can say about this challenge; and discuss how international relations theory can be developed to better meet this challenge. The analysis suggests that Liberalism?s focus on pluralism, interdependence and globalization, Constructivism?s emphasis on language, symbols and images (including ?virtuality?), and some elements of Realist strategic studies (on the specific topicof information warfare) contribute to a better understanding of digital age security. This book will be of interest to students of security studies, globalization, international relations, and politics and technology.

Critical Theorists and International Relation

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Jenny Edkins, Nick Vaughan-Williams
Taylor & Francis, 2009 - 405pages

A wide range of critical theorists is used in the study of international politics, and until now there has been no text that gives concise and accessible introductions to these figures. Critical Theorists and International Relations provides a wide-ranging introduction to thirty-two important theorists whose work has been influential in thinking about global politics.Each chapter is written by an expert with a detailed knowledge of the theorist concerned, representing a range of approaches under the rubric 'critical', including Marxism and post-Marxism, the Frankfurt School, hermeneutics, phenomenology, postcolonialism, feminism, queer theory, poststructuralism, pragmatism, scientific realism, deconstruction and psychoanalysis.Key features of each chapter include:a clear and concise biography of the relevant thinkeran introduction to their key writings and ideasa summary of the ways in which these ideas have influenced and are being used in international relations scholarshipa list of suggestions for further reading Written in engaging and accessible prose, Critical Theorists and International Relations is a unique and invaluable resource for undergraduates, postgraduates and scholars of international relations.

Causation in International Relation: Reclaiming Causal Analysis

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Milja Kurki
Cambridge University Press, 2008 - 349pages

World political processes, such as wars and globalisation, are engendered by complex sets of causes and conditions. Although the idea of causation is fundamental to the field of International Relations, what the concept of cause means or entails has remained an unresolved and contested matter. In recent decades ferocious debates have surrounded the idea of causal analysis, some scholars even questioning the legitimacy of applying the notion of cause in the study of International Relations. This book suggests that underlying the debates on causation in the field of International Relations is a set of problematic assumptions (deterministic, mechanistic and empiricist) and that we should reclaim causal analysis from the dominant discourse of causation. Milja Kurki argues that reinterpreting the meaning, aims and methods of social scientific causal analysis opens up multi-causal and methodologically pluralist avenues for future International Relations scholarship.

International Relation: The Path not Taken : Using International Law to Promote World Peace and Security

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Thomas J. Schoenbaum
Cambridge University Press, 2006 - 320pages

This book addresses the main aspects of International Relations including the theoretical foundations of the subject and reform of the United Nations and international institutions. Chapters are devoted to solving particular world problems including globalization and the world economy, terrorism, nuclear proliferation, protection of the environment and securing human rights.

Classical Theory in International Relation

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Beate Jahn
Cambridge University Press, 2006 - 309pages

Classical political theorists such as Thucydides, Kant, Rousseau, Smith, Hegel, Grotius, Mill, Locke and Clausewitz are often employed to explain and justify contemporary international politics and are seen to constitute the different schools of thought in the discipline. However, traditional interpretations frequently ignore the intellectual and historical context in which these thinkers were writing as well as the lineages through which they came to be appropriated in International Relations. This collection of essays provides alternative interpretations sensitive to these political and intellectual contexts and to the trajectory of their appropriation. The political, sociological, anthropological, legal, economic, philosophical and normative dimensions are shown to be constitutive, not just of classical theories, but of international thought and practice in the contemporary world. Moreover, they challenge traditional accounts of timeless debates and schools of thought and provide new conceptions of core issues such as sovereignty, morality, law, property, imperialism and agency.

Hamas: Politics, Charity, and Terrorism in the Service of Jihad

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Matthew Levitt, Dennis Ross
Yale University Press, 2007 - 324pages

How does a group that operates terror cells and espouses violence become a ruling political party? How is the world to understand and respond to Hamas, the militant Islamist organization that Palestinian voters brought to power in the stunning election of January 2006?

This important book provides the most fully researched assessment of Hamas ever written. Matthew Levitt, a counterterrorism expert with extensive field experience in Israel, the West Bank, and Gaza, draws aside the veil of legitimacy behind which Hamas hides. He presents concrete, detailed evidence from an extensive array of international intelligence materials, including recently declassified CIA, FBI, and Department of Homeland Security reports. 

Levitt demolishes the notion that Hamas’ military, political, and social wings are distinct from one another and catalogues the alarming extent to which the organization’s political and social welfare leaders support terror. He exposes Hamas as a unitary organization committed to a militant Islamist ideology, urges the international community to take heed, and offers well-considered ideas for countering the significant threat Hamas poses.

Modern Mongolia: from Khans to Commissars to Capitalists

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Morris Rossabi
University of California Press, 2005 - 397pages

Land-locked between its giant neighbors, Russia and China, Mongolia was the first Asian country to adopt communism and the first to abandon it. When the Soviet Union collapsed in the early 1990s, Mongolia turned to international financial agencies--including the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, and the Asian Development Bank--for help in compensating for the economic changes caused by disruptions in the communist world. Modern Mongolia is the best-informed and most thorough account to date of the political economy of Mongolia during the past decade. In it, Morris Rossabi explores the effects of the withdrawal of Soviet assistance, the role of international financial agencies in supporting a pure market economy, and the ways that new policies have led to greater political freedom but also to unemployment, poverty, increasingly inequitable distribution of income, and deterioration in the education, health, and well-being of Mongolian society.

Rossabi demonstrates that the agencies providing grants and loans insisted on Mongolia's adherence to a set of policies that did not generally take into account the country's unique heritage and society.

Though the sale of state assets, minimalist government, liberalization of trade and prices, a balanced budget, and austerity were supposed to yield marked economic growth, Mongolia--the world's fifth-largest per capita recipient of foreign aid--did not recover as expected. As he details this painful transition from a collective to a capitalist economy, Rossabi also analyzes the cultural effects of the sudden opening of Mongolia to democracy. He looks at the broader implications of Mongolia's international situation and considers its future, particularly in relation to China.

Land-locked between its giant neighbors, Russia and China, Mongolia was the first Asian country to adopt communism and the first to abandon it. When the Soviet Union collapsed in the early 1990s, Mongolia turned to international financial agencies--including the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, and the Asian Development Bank--for help in compensating for the economic changes caused by disruptions in the communist world. Modern Mongolia is the best-informed and most thorough account to date of the political economy of Mongolia during the past decade. In it, Morris Rossabi explores the effects of the withdrawal of Soviet assistance, the role of international financial agencies in supporting a pure market economy, and the ways that new policies have led to greater political freedom but also to unemployment, poverty, increasingly inequitable distribution of income, and deterioration in the education, health, and well-being of Mongolian society.

Rossabi demonstrates that the agencies providing grants and loans insisted on Mongolia's adherence to a set of policies that did not generally take into account the country's unique heritage and society.

Though the sale of state assets, minimalist government, liberalization of trade and prices, a balanced budget, and austerity were supposed to yield marked economic growth, Mongolia--the world's fifth-largest per capita recipient of foreign aid--did not recover as expected. As he details this painful transition from a collective to a capitalist economy, Rossabi also analyzes the cultural effects of the sudden opening of Mongolia to democracy. He looks at the broader implications of Mongolia's international situation and considers its future, particularly in relation to China.

Nations at War: a Scientific Study of International Conflict

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Daniel S. Geller, Joel David Singer
Cambridge University Press, 1998 - 242pages

Nations at War provides a scientifically-derived explanation of war. It develops this explanation by reviewing data-based studies of international conflict, analyzing war from the fifteenth to the twentieth centuries, and identifying factors such as geography, regimes, military capabilities, alliances, and trade associated with both the onset and destructiveness of these conflicts. Two wars (the Iran/Iraq war of 1980, and World War I) are examined in detail in an effort to show how wars begin and sometimes expand to include other states. This unique book collates and synthesizes the findings of over five hundred scientific studies of war.

Religion, Politics and Thomas Hobbes

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George Herbert Wright, Thomas Hobbes
Springer, 2006 - 348 pages

This collection develops insight into the relation which Hobbes describes between his theory of government and the three-part division he draws with respect to religion. Pursuing the chain of causes that proves God's existence as first cause, Hobbes identifies and defines both "true religion" and such superstition as he found in the theology and practices of the Roman Catholic Church of his era. He then emphasizes the difference between natural religion and revealed religion in order to extinguish the claim of contemporary theologians to an authority in the state greater than that of the political sovereign.Although, according to the author, Hobbes falters in carrying out his politico/theological project, his careful, radical and innovative attempt to describe the relationship of religion and politics, church and state, has special relevance for us today, as forms of religious fundamentalism in many countries are increasingly claiming and, in some cases, winning control of political institutions.

Russian Between East and West: Scholarly Debates on Eurasianism

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Dmitry Shlapentokh
BRILL, 2007 - 198pages

Throughout most of Russian history, two views of who the Russians are have dominated the minds of Russian intellectuals. Westerners assumed that Russia was part of the West, whilst Slavophiles saw Russia as part of a Slavic civilization. At present, it is Eurasianism that has emerged as the paradigm that has made attempts to place Russia in a broad civilizational context and it has recently become the only viable doctrine that is able to provide the very ideological justification for Russia's existence as a multiethnic state. Eurasians assert that Russia is a civilization in its own right, a unique blend of Slavic and non-Slavic, mostly Turkic, people. While it is one of the important ideological trends in present-day Russia, Eurasianism, with its origins among Russian emigrants in the 1920s, has a long history. Placing Eurasianism in a broad context, this book covers the origins of Eurasianism, dwells on Eurasianism's major philosophical paradigms, and places Eurasianism in the context of the development of Polish and Turkish thought. The final part deals with the modern modification of Eurasianism. The book is of great relevance to those who are interested in Russian/European and Asian history area studies.

Social Panorama of Latin America

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United Nations. Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean
United Nations Publications, 2002 - 272pages

This publication explores issues related to the Millennium Development Targets and discusses whether Latin American countries may achieve the objectives unanimously adopted by members states of the United Nations for 2015. The book examines the region's ability to meet the targets for reducing extreme poverty and ensuring universal access to primary education under conditions of gender equality.

Moreover, it looks at Latin American countries' potential to absorb the growing supply of skilled human resources and deals with the issue of social capital in terms of its potential and the limitations of poverty reduction programmes. Numerous tables, figures, and boxes are included to help illustrate data.

Space, Oil and Capital

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Mazen Labban
Routledge, 2008 - 179pages

The historical development of capital has produced a progressive increase in the demand for raw material and has consequently resulted in the concentration of capital in, and the geographical expansion of, the production of natural resources, globalizing and intensifying the competition for the control of production and markets. This book is an attempt to explain, at the theoretical and empirical level, the relationship between the production of oil and the process of inter-capitalist competition in the global economy, and why it is necessary to appreciate the underlying process of the social production of space in determining the access to and control of global oil production and world markets. Labban argues that the competition for oil is part of a broader inter-capitalist competition, which expresses inter-capitalist competition at its most fundamental level, as competition for the production and realization of profit from the application of capital to material nature. He uses case studies of oil in the former Soviet Union and contemporary competition for investment in Russian and Iranian oil to illustrate the competition for the control of oil and emphasize its contradictory geographical basis. Unlike other studies of the contemporary geopolitical struggle for oil, Labban's book emphasizes the origin of the struggle for oil in inter-capitalist competition and the instrumental role that the production of global space, through the dialectical tensions between transnational oil corporations and resource-owning states, plays in determining the profitability of oil production and the availability of oil in the world market. This highly interesting and topical book will appeal to those undertaking research in political economy, economic geography, resource geography and international relations.

The American Ascendancy: How the United States Gained and Wielded Global Dominance

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Michael H. Hunt
UNC Press Books, 2007 - 404 pages

What road did Americans travel to reach their current global preeminence? Taking the long historical view, Hunt demonstrates that wealth, confidence, and leadership were key elements to America's ascent. In an analytic narrative that illuminates the past rather than indulges in political triumphalism, he provides crucial insights into the country's problematic place in the world today. Hunt charts America's rise to global power from the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries to a culminating multilayered dominance achieved in the mid-twentieth century. He examines how the United States remade great power relations, fashioned limits for the third world, and shaped our current international economic and cultural order. Hunt concludes by addressing current issues, such as how durable American power really is and what options remain for America's future.

The Democracy Makers: Human Rights and International Order

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Nicolas Guilhot
Columbia University Press, 2005 - 274 pages

-- Leslie Sklair, London School of Economics and Political Science

The European Union's Roles in International Politics: Concepts and Analysis

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Ole Elgström, Michael Smith
Taylor and Francis, 2007 - 240pages

The Global Gamble: Washington's Faustian Bid for World Dominance

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Peter Gowan
Verso, 1999 - 320 pages

Gowan explores the origin and distinctive forms of Washington's imperial project since the collapse of the Soviet block.

The Intellectual Property Debate: Perspectives from Law, Economics and Political Economy

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Meir Perez Pugatch
Edward Elgar Publishing, 2006 - 374 pages

The International Law of Investmen Claims

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Zachary Douglas
Cambridge University Press, 2009 - 616pages

There are more than 2,500 treaties protecting the investments of individuals and companies of one contracting State party that have been made in the territory of another contracting State party. This book deals with the principles and rules relating to the prosecution of investment claims pursuant to such treaties.

The Peace Business: Money and Power in the Palestine-Israel Conflict

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Markus E. Bouillon
I.B.Tauris, 2004 - 247pages

The Peace Business is a study of the evolution and consequences of business cooperation in the Middle East in the years of the peace process. Markus E. Bouillon examines how the engagement of entrepreneurs and businesspeople in the peace process, as well as how the nature of business ties between Israelis, Jordanians, and Palestinians, failed to strengthen and advance peace in the Middle East. In this important contribution to the Israel-Palestine debate, he argues that private business interests undermined economic and political stability domestically and thus contributed to the failure of the peace process.

The UN Secretary General and Moral Authority: Ethics and Religion in International Leadership

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Kent J. Kille
Georgetown University Press, 2007 - 370 pages

In The UN Secretary-General and Moral Authority, contributors provide case studies of all seven former secretaries-general, establishing a much-needed comparative survey of each office-holder's personal religious and moral values. From Trygve Lie's forbearance during the UN's turbulent formative years to the Nobel committee's awarding Kofi Annan and the United Nations the prize for peace in 2001, the case studies all follow the same format, first detailing the environmental and experiential factors that forged these men's ethical frameworks, then analyzing how their "inner code" engaged with the duties of office and the global events particular to their terms. Balanced and unbiased in its approach, this study provides valuable insight into how religious and moral leadership functions in the realm of international relations, and how the promotion of ethical values works to diffuse international tensions and improve the quality of human life around the world.

Trade and Environment: a Comparative Study of EC and US law

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Damien Géradin
Cambridge University Press, 1997 - 231pages

Trade and the Environment is a penetrating analysis of the relation between trade and environmental protection policies in the European Community and the United States. It argues that the international tensions arising from policies designed to protect trade and the environment can be resolved by the free trade provisions of the EC Treaty and the US Constitution, and from the setting of common environmental standards for all parties. It discusses also the contributions of the judiciary and legislature toward the solution of these tensions.

Unconventional Weapons and International Terrorisme: Challenges and New Approach

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Magnus Ranstorp, Magnus Normark
Taylor & Francis, 2009 - 212pages

In recent years, senior policy officials have highlighted increased signs of convergence between terrorism and unconventional (CBRN) weapons. Terrorism now involves technologies available to anyone, anywhere, anytime, deployed through innovative solutions. This indicates a new and more complex global security environment with increasing risks of terrorists trying to acquire and deploy a CBRN (Chemical Biological Radiological Nuclear) attack. This book addresses the critical importance of understanding innovation and decision-making between terrorist groups and unconventional weapons, and the difficulty in pinpointing what factors may drive violence escalation. It also underscores the necessity to understand the complex interaction between terrorist group dynamics and decision-making behaviour in relation to old and new technologies. Unconventional Weapons and International Terrorism seeks to identify a set of early warnings and critical indicators for possible future terrorist efforts to acquire and utilize unconventional CBRN weapons as a means to pursue their goals. It also discusses the challenge for intelligence analysis in handling threat convergence in the context of globalisation. The book will be of great interest to students of terrorism studies, counter-terrorism, nuclear proliferation, security studies and IR in general.

Universal Ethics: Perspectives and Proposals from Scandinavian Scholars

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Göran Bexell, Dan-Erik Andersson
M. Nijhoff, 2002 - 234 pages

Questions on universal ethics are of utmost importance for peaceful relations between nations, cultures and religions. Are there common values or are all morals just expressions for various political, economic or religious interests?

In this book scholars from different academic fields and with various views discuss questions that in different ways concern both the possibilities and risks of universal or common ethics. The book is divided into five parts; philosophical and ethical perspectives, human rights perspectives, universal ethics and religion, globalization and global governance, universal ethics and Nordic values. Scholars from such fields as philosophy, ethics, human rights, history, political science, sociology and theology are represented. All of the authors are active researchers at Scandinavian universities.

This collection of articles is directed to professionals in various disciplines, but can also serve as an introduction to the subject of universal ethics.

What We Remember: The Construction of Memory in Military Discourse

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Mariana Achugar
John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2008 - 246pages

"This interdisciplinary monograph explores the discursive manifestations of the conflict over how to remember and interpret the actions of the military during the last dictatorship in Uruguay (1973-1985).

Through the exploration of the discursive ways in which this powerful group represents past events and participants, we can trace the ideological struggle over how to reconstruct a traumatic past. By looking at memory as a social and discursive practice, the analysis identifies particular semiotic practices and linguistic patterns deployed in the construction of memory. The discursive description of what is remembered, how it is remembered, and who remembers serves to explain how the institution's construction of the past is transformed and maintained to respond to outside criticism and create an institutional identity as a lawful state apparatus. This book should interest discourse analysts, historians, sociologists and researchers in the field of transitional justice."--BOOK JACKET.

World Congress on Intellectual Capital Reading

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Nick Bontis
Butterworth-Heinemann, 2002 - 392pages

An impressive collection of the latest cutting-edge work in the dynamic field of intellectual capital. Experts from around the world discuss the current state of affairs from a variety of perspectives, providing a cross-disciplinary view of the field. All contributors presented their research at the top global conference in this field - the World Congress on Intellectual Capital.

The underlying theme of the book is to explain how an organization can identify, measure, manage, leverage and act upon its collective intelligence towards the pursuit of sustainable innovation. The book is divided into three main parts which first establish a foundation of literature, then examine various measurement approaches and finally conclude with a variety of applications.

"This collection of papers from the conference is special for its seminal research, strategic visions, and thought-provoking discussions. Make sure this book has a place in your library!"
Dr. Jac Fitz-enz, Founder and Chairman, Saratoga Institute

Highly-regarded international contributors present cutting-edge research from the world's largest conference in the field of intellectual capital 
Explains how an organization can identify, measure, manage, leverage and act upon its collective intelligence to achieve sustainable innovation 
Combines the scholarly review and practitioner synthesis of intellectual capital and knowledge management

Actors Without Society: The Role of Civil Actors in the Postcommunist Transformation

Actors Without Society:
The Role of Civil Actors in the Postcommunist Transformation

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Publication Series on Democracy
Volume 15

Al Qaeda Now: Understanding Today's Terrorists

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Karen J. Greenberg
Cambridge University Press, 2005 - 257pages

This volume of presentations by a group of authorities on international terrorism and Al Qaeda constitute a valuable synopsis of current knowledge on this terrorist group and the policies in place to counter threats of future attacks. The articles contribute to understanding how Al Qaeda has evolved from a movement to an ideology, what influence it has on Middle East stability and what continued threat it is to the United States, Europe, and other areas of the world. The contributors, from academia, research centers, government agencies and the media, represent a cross section of recognized experts on Al Qaeda and international terrorism. Karen J. Greenberg is the Executive Director of the Center on Law and Security at the New York University School of Law. She is a visiting Professor of European Studies at New York University and a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. She is co-editor of The Torture Papers (Cambridge, 2005).

American Exceptionalism and Human Rights

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Michael Ignatieff
Princeton University Press, 2005 - 353pages

With the 2003 invasion and subsequent occupation of Iraq, the most controversial question in world politics fast became whether the United States stands within the order of international law or outside it. Does America still play by the rules it helped create? American Exceptionalism and Human Rights addresses this question as it applies to U.S. behavior in relation to international human rights. With essays by eleven leading experts in such fields as international relations and international law, it seeks to show and explain how America's approach to human rights differs from that of most other

Western nations. In his introduction, Michael Ignatieff identifies three main types of exceptionalism: exemptionalism (supporting treaties as long as Americans are exempt from them); double standards (criticizing others for not heeding the findings of international human rights bodies, but ignoring what these bodies say of the United States); and legal isolationism (the tendency of American judges to ignore other jurisdictions). The contributors use Ignatieff's essay as a jumping-off point to discuss specific types of exceptionalism--America's approach to capital punishment and to free speech, for example--or to explore the social, cultural, and institutional roots of exceptionalism. These essays--most of which appear in print here for the first time, and all of which have been revised or updated since being presented in a year-long lecture series on American exceptionalism at Harvard University's John F. Kennedy School of Government--are by Stanley Hoffmann, Paul Kahn, Harold Koh, Frank Michelman, Andrew Moravcsik, John Ruggie, Frederick Schauer, Anne-Marie Slaughter, Carol Steiker, and CassSunstein.

Before Auschwitz: Irène Némirovsky and the Cultural Landscape of Inter-War France

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Angela Kershaw
Routledge, 2009 - 233pages

Kershaw analyses Irene Némirovsky's literary production in its relationship to the literary and cultural context of the inter-war period in France, exploring the cultural exchange between France and Russia and the political implications of Némirovsky's fiction--particularly the enthusiastic reception of her work in far-right anti-Semitic journals

Central Asian Security: The New International Context

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Roy Allison, Lena Jonson, Utrikespolitiska institutet (Sweden), Royal Institute of International Affairs
Brookings Institution Press, 2001 - 279pages

This volume is the first comprehensive scholarly analysis of the strategic reconfiguration of Central Asia as Russia has become more disengaged from the nations in the region and as these nations have developed new relations to the south, east, and west. The international implications are enormous because of the rich energy sourcesoil and natural gaslocated in the Caspian Sea area.The authors assess a variety of internal security policy challenges confronting these statesfor example, the potential for conflict arising from such factors as a mixed ethnic population, resource scarcity, particularly in relation to water management, and an Islamic revival. They also examine the security policy content of relations between the Central Asian states and regional and international powersspecifically the stakes, interests, and policies of Russia, China, Iran, Turkey, and the United States.These internal challenges and the evolution of relations with external powers may result in new cooperative relationships, but they may also lead to destabilizing rivalry and interstate enmity in Central Asia.

It is important to identify new patterns of relevance for future security cooperation in the region, but the potential for a new security system or for new institutions to manage security in the region remains uncertain. These issues are explored by a team of prominent specialists from Western Europe, the United States, Russia and China.